Selected Publications & Presentations


Torgerson-White, L. & Bennett, C. 2014. Rating methodology, personality axes, and behavioral plasticity: A case study in African lions. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 1(3), 230-248.

Bennett, C. 2013. From Good Care to Great Welfare: Introduction. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 16(4): 295-300.

Hauser, L. & Darrow, R. 2013 “Cultivating a Doctoral Community of Inquiry and Practice: Designing and Facilitating Discussion Board Online Communities.” International Journal for Educational Leadership and Practice, 14(3).

Fripp, D., Bennett, C.L., Binczik, G.A., Petric, A., & Watters, J. V. 2013. “The Effects of Sex, Climate, and Management on Normal and Repetitive Behaviors in Okapis (Okapi johnstoni).” Journal Of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 16:383-384.

Darrow, R. 2012. “Will there ever be an online school teacher-librarian?” California School Library Journal, May.

Bennett, C., Booth-Binczik, S. & Steele, S. 2010. Nutritional composition and digestibility by ocelots of whole animals and commercial diet (Leopardus pardalis). Zoo Biology, 9(1): 753-759.

Darrow, R. 2010. “The Bottom Line: Funding Online Courses.” The School Administrator, April.

Bennett, C. 2009. What’s the question? In (eds.) Powell, D., Olley, R., Bennett, C., Margulis, S., Stark-Posta B., Carlstead, K., Shepherdson, D., and Kuhar, C. Methods for Animal Behavior Research: A DVD Tutorial, WCS.

Darrow, R. 2009. “School Libraries are Essential: How do we meet the Virtual Access and Collaboration Needs of the 21st Century Learner and Teacher?” Knowledge Quest. American Association of School Librarians. May.

Bennett, C., Fripp, D., Othen, L., Jarsky, T., French, J., & Loskutoff, N. 2008. “Urinary Corticosteroid Excretion Patterns in the Okapi (Okapia johnstoni).” Zoo Biology, 27: 381-393.

Fripp, D., & Tyack, P. 2008. “Postpartum Whistle Use in Bottlenose Dolphins.” Marine Mammal Science, 24: 479-502.

Darrow, R. 2006. “MySpace and Social Networking Continues to Grow in Clovis and beyond.” CUSD Today.

Darrow, R. 2006. “Communicating with Online Blogs: MySpace.” CUSD Today.

Fripp, D.R. 2006. “Bubblestream-Whistles are Not Representative of Bottlenose Dolphin Whistle Repertoires. Reply to McCowan.” Marine Mammal Science, 22: 496-501.

Darrow, R. 2005. “Fresno County Teachers Putting Standards Based Content Online.” California Council for the Social Studies Review Magazine.

Fripp, D.R. 2005. “Bubblestream-Whistles are Not Representative of a Bottlenose Dolphin’s Vocal Repertoire.” Marine Mammal Science, 21: 29-44.

Fripp, D.R., Owen, C., Quintana-Rizzo, E., Shapiro, A., Buckstaff, K., Jankowski, K., Wells, R., & Tyack, P. 2005. “Bottlenose Dolphin Calves Appear to Model Their Signature Whistles on the Whistles of Community Members.” Animal Cognition, 8: 17-26.

Fripp, D., & Fripp, M. 2004. Naya and the Haunted Shipwreck. Bicast Publishing, Williamsburg, VA.

Darrow, R., Freedman, G. & Watson, J. 2002.“The California Virtual School Report: A National Survey of Virtual Education Practice and Policy with Recommendations for the State of California.” University of California College Prep Program.

Darrow, R. 2002. “Information Literacy: The Most Important element of a Technology Toolkit”. OnCUE Magazine.

Fripp, D., & Fripp, M. 2002. Dolphin Watch: Naya and Nathan. Bicast Publishing, Williamsburg, VA.

Bennett, C., Leonard, S., & Carter, S. 2001. Abundance, diversity, and patterns of distribution of primates on the Tapiche River in Amazonian Peru. American Journal of Primatology, (brief report), 54: 119-126.

Darrow, R. 2001. “The Library Media Teacher in Professional Development.” OnCue Magazine.

Weller, S. & Bennett, C. 2001 Twenty-four hour activity budgets and patterns of behavior in captive ocelots (Leopardus pardalis). Applied Animal Behavior Science, 71(1):67-79.

Eisenberg, M.B. & Darrow, R. 2000. The Big6 in Secondary Schools. Ohio: Linworth Publishing.

Carlstead, K., Fraser, J., Bennett, C., and Kleiman, D. 1999. Part II. Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in U.S. Zoos: Behavior, breeding success and mortality in relation to housing facilities. Zoo Biology, 18:35-52,.

Darrow, R. 1999. “Are you Web Literate?” Library Talk.

Fripp, J.B., Fripp, M.L. & Fripp, D.R. 1999. Speaking of Science: Notable Quotes on Science, Engineering, and the Environment. LLH Technology Publishing, Eagle Rock, VA.

Lindsey, S., Green, M., & Bennett, C. 1999. Okapi: Mysterious Animal of Congo-Zaire, Texas University Press.

Leonard, S. & Bennett, C. 1995. Behavioral ecology study of red uakari (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) in northeastern Peru. Neotropical Primates, 3(3).

Lindsey, S., Bennett, C., Pyle, E., Willow, M., & Yang, A. 1994. Calf management and the collection of physiological data for okapi (Okapia johnstoni). International Zoo Yearbook, 33:263-268.

Kagan, R. & Bennett, C. 1991. Applied thermotelemetry in the captive management of Lesser pandas (Ailurus fulgens) and Kirk’s dikdik (Madoqua kirki). In Cheryl Asa (ed.) Biotelemetry Applications to Captive Animal Care and Research, 1:29-37.

Bennett, C. & Davis, R. 1989. Suggestions for long term animal studies. In: Evalyn Segal (ed.) The Housing, Care, and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates, Noyes Publications, 213-235.

Davis, R., Bennett, C., & Weisenburger, W. 1982. Repeated measures of forgetting by rhesus monkeys. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 55, 703-709.


Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A. “Dancing in the dark: Sex, periodicity of repetitive behavior and the smallest space available.” The Center for Zoo Animal Welfare Symposium, Detroit Michigan, 2014.

Darrow, R. “Implementing Blended Learning with the Common Core in California Schools.” Fall CUE Conference. Napa Valley, Ca. Oct. 2014.

Darrow, R. “Implementing, Planning and Sustaining a Blended Learning Program.” ISTE 2014. Atlanta, Ga. June 2014.

Bennett, C., Fripp, D., Torgerson-White, L., Watters, J., Petric, A. “Environmental and management factors influencing abnormal repetitive behavior in okapis (Okapia johnstoni).” The 2nd Internationa Symposium on Animal Welfare hosted by Brookfield Zoo’s Center for the Science of Animal Welfare, 2013.

Darrow, R. “How Do You Plan for Blended and Online Learning with No Money?” Spotlight Speaker. Compass Learning. Dec. 2013.

Darrow, R. “Tools for Administrators to Implement Blended Learning.” eLearning Strategies Symposium. Costa Mesa, Ca. Dec. 2013.

Darrow, R. “Online and Blended Learning: Transforming Your Teaching.” Hybrid Learning Consortium, Kansas City, MO. June 2013.

Darrow, R. “Blended Learning: How Do You know it when you see it?” Computer Using Educators Conference, Palm Springs, Ca. March 2013.

Darrow, R. “Leadership in Creating a Blended Learning School Environment.” Jewish Day School Conference. Washington DC, February 2013.

Darrow, R. “Open Educational Resources – What are they and how can I use them?” Placer County Technology Conference. Granite Bay, Ca. January 2013.

Darrow, R. “What does it mean to be a Blended Learning Teacher?” Computer Using Educators Conference. Palm Springs, Ca. March 2012.

Darrow, R. “Google Hangout Enhances Online Doctoral Courses” Sloan C Conference. Las Vegas, NV. July 2012.

Darrow, R. “How to Start an Online Learning Program.” ISTE 2012. San Diego, Ca. June 2012.

Fripp D. “Keepers 2016: Building zoo staff’s capacity to recognize and solve welfare concerns before they become welfare problems.” Association of Zoos and Aquariums Annual Conference, Phoenix, AZ. 2012.

Bennett, C. “Animal Welfare: Professional development workshops.” Annual Animal Welfare Forum Zoo/University Partnership in Applied Studies of Animal Welfare, Detroit MI, 2011.

Bennett, C., Carter S. “Insights and findings from Detroit Zoological Society’s Center for Zoo Animal Welfare Symposium – From Good Care to Great Welfare” AZA National Conference, Atlanta GA 2011.

Bennett, C., Schneider, T., Arbaugh, E., Torgerson, L., Wulff, M. “Differences in radiative heat loss in response to handling stress in two species of penguin.” From Good Care to Great Welfare: Advancing Zoo Animal Welfare Science and Policy, Detroit Zoological Society, August 6-7, 2011.

Fripp, D., Bennett, C.L., Watters, J., Binczik, G.A., Petric, A. “Animal welfare impacts of standard management practices on okapis – a multi-institutional study” From Good Care to Great Welfare Symposium, Center for Zoo Animal Welfare, Detroit Zoo, Royal Oak, MI. 2011.

Bennett, C. “Giraffe in captivity: Welfare concerns.” 10th Annual Animal Welfare Judging Competition, E. Lansing Michigan, Invited presentation, 2010.

Darrow, R. “Online Courses Go Open Source.” Virtual School Symposium. Austin, Texas. November 2009.

Darrow, R. “Online Education: Opportunities and Decisions in K-12 Public Schools.” Keynote Speaker. San Mateo School Board Association, March 2009.

Bennett, C., Fripp, D., Bertz, C. “Evidence for anthropogenic stressors in okapi.” The Animal Welfare Conference, Brookfield Zoo, 2008.

Darrow, R. “Case Study: How can a small school district finance an online high school? Or The tale of two online schools in school districts in California.” Virtual School Symposium. Phoenix, Arizona. November 2008.

Fripp, D. “Low frequency anthropogenic sound increases stress levels in okapi.” 2nd International Conference on Acoustic Communication in Animals, Corvallis, OR. 2008.

Darrow, R. “Utilizing Web 2.0 tools in school libraries.” Clovis Unified Library Media Teachers. Jan. 2007.

Fripp, D. “The vocal behavior of Asian small-clawed otters.” International Ethology Congress, Halifax, NS, Canada. 2007.

Darrow, R. “The Ultimate Literacy.” Keynote speech. New York State Association of Independent Schools. New Paltz, New York. November 2006.

Darrow, R. “Developing an MA program with your Teaching American History grant.” Teaching American History grant project director’s meeting. Albuquerque, New Mexico. October 2006.

Fripp, D. “Evidence for Imprinting in Dolphins: Whistle Production by New Mothers.” 85th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists, Springfield, MO. 2005.

Darrow, R. “What the Teaching American History Grant Can Do for You.” California Council for the Social Studies Conference, 2004 and 2005.

Bennett, C. “Conservation Education: Lessons from a zoo program.” Annual AABGA Conference, Dallas, TX, 2004.

Darrow, R. “Information Literacy and the Big6 in the Digital Age.” California School Library Association Conference Workshop. Sacramento, CA. Nov. 2004.

Darrow, R. “Putting Your Curriculum Online.” Clovis Unified Professional Development Days. Clovis, CA. Nov. 2003.

Fripp, D. “Bubblestream Use by Bottlenose Dolphins, Tursiops truncatus.” 15th Biennial Meeting of the Marine Mammal Society, Greensboro, NC. 2003.

Fripp, D., Owen, C., Quintana-Rizzo, E., Shapiro, A., Buckstaff, K., Wells, R., & Tyack, P. “Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Calves Model Their Signature Whistles on the Whistles of Community Members They Rarely Hear.” 1st International Conference on Acoustic Communication by Animals, College Park, MD. 2003.

Darrow, R. “The California Virtual School Report.” University of California College Prep Virtual High School Institute. Santa Cruz, CA, 2002.

Darrow, R. “Important Aspects of Virtual Education.” Clovis Unified/IBM Fly In. 2002.

Darrow, R. “Overcoming Challenges of a Virtual High School Program.“ Jones Knowledge Symposium. Denver. CO, 2002.

Bennett, C., Othen L. “Stress effects in ungulates.” the International Embryo Transfer Society Satellite Symposium, Omaha, NE, 2001.

Darrow, R. “Being Digital.” California School Library Association Conference, Long Beach, 2001.

Darrow, R. “Applying the Big6 with Online Resources.” Big6 Conference, San Jose, 2001.

Darrow, R. “Growing Up Digital.” California School Library Conference. Ontario, CA. 1999.

Darrow, R. “Collaboration in the Electronic Age.” American Association of School Librarian’s Conference. Birmingham, Alabama, 1999.

Bennett, C., Leonard, S., Carter, S. “Peruvian primate census on the Rio Tapiche.” The American Society of Primatologists Conference, Austin, TX. 1998.

Fripp, D., Tyack, P., Johnson, M., Thomas, R. “An Integrated Approach to the Quantitative Analysis of Dolphin Whistles.” 32nd Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, College Park, MD. 1997.

Bennett, C., Lindsey, S. “Okapi mother-infant research: results from 7 years of study.” The Okapi Metapopulation meetings, Yulee, Fl. 1996.

Bennett, C., Kaemmerer, K. “News from Zoos: Progress in Conservation Research on the Texas Ocelot.” The Cats of the Texas Borderlands Symposium, 1995.

Bennett, C. “Breeding and reproduction of the Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) at the Santa Barbara Zoo.” The AAZPA Regional Conferences (Western), 1987.

Bennett, C. “Visual acuity and visual discrimination in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).” Eighth Annual Elephant Management Workshop, Asheboro NC, 1987.

Bennett, C. “Activity profiles and behavioral estrus in a pair of Asian clawless otter (Aonyx cinerea).” International Otter Symposium, Santa Cruz CA, 1985.